Case Studies

Mrs Tikamaya Pandit, 41, represents a lower middle family in the community. She has a family of five, a husband and three kids. They live at Bagalephant, Purkot VDC-6, Tanahun district, located approximately 42 km North-East of Damauli, district headquarter and about 3 km from Baaisjangar, along the Dumre-Bensisahar Highway. Their survival was reliant mostly on daily labor and conventional farming. Living was indeed harsh to meet their basic needs including education of the kids. This was further aggravated by the devastating earthquake of April and May 2015. This has cost them house, ccattle shed damaged and killing one lactating buffalo. The life was never so terrible before.

With the intervention of UKAID funded SAMARTH-NMDP’s ‘Construction of Livestock Sheds for Earthquake Affected Households for their Early Livelihood Recovery Project, she’s carefully chosen one among the victim of earthquake for construction of an improved cow shed. This support has provided them a huge encouragement to buy two improved cows. Apparently, she sales milk out for a minimum of Rs 15,000 each month in the local market besides home consumption.

With the extension of Post implementation Technical Assistance (TA) Services program, she was actively involved in various training events conducted by SAPPROS viz: a) shed management, b) compost manure preparation and urine application and c) organic vegetable cultivation and kitchen gardening etc. These training have further helped to enhance her inherent capacity and wide opened the areas of income generating from fresh vegetable production by using animal wastes. Due to engagement in a registered Kalika Agriculture Self Help Group, she was also benefitted with a plastic greenhouse support provided by Agriculture Service Centre, Purkot. SAPPROS agriculture technicians together with field facilitators have facilitated to correctly install the system as well as appropriate techniques for producing fresh vegetable in an organic way. This has enabled her to earn more than Rs 15,000 through selling of tomato and cabbage in one season. Meantime, multi variety crops can be seen under her farm areas including cucumber, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, Juccini etc. Recently, they have added two more improved cows and expected to earn even more in the days to come. These days, she speaks more confidently and says, “With these earnings, I am now capable to pursue higher education to my kids, a son is studying Overseer level (Diploma in Civil Engineering) while a daughter will be studying in the college from this year on. In addition to this, I have also paid some loan that I have taken to initiate this entrepreneurship. I would like to thank the UKAID funded SAMARTH-NMDP for their unlatching funding support and SAPPROS Nepal for providing technical assistance support. Similarly, would like to thank District Livestock Office and District Agriculture Development Office for their opportunity to uplift the livelihood of poor and earthquake affected people like us. Life was never easier before”.

Aash Bahadur Gurung, 38, is an inhabitant of Simle, Kolki VDC 6, Lamjung district. In Nepali, the word ‘Aash’ means ‘Expectation’ in English. As name suggests, he was attracted with the growing trends of incoming remittance in the village henceforth left country in 2001 in a search for better income and prosperity. He spent almost 8 years out in Malaysia and Saudi Arab, yet he could never satisfy his basic needs despite surpassing a chunk of early active years abroad. He returned back to home country in 2014 and tried his earnings through daily labor, but failed to achieve a reliable income that he wanted for. This led him to frustration and become alcoholic most of the time for doing nothing. His situation worsened even badly when the April and May 2015 earthquake hit hard the area. Together with many others, his dwellings and cow shed were not the exceptions. He became one among the cruel victim of nature, he never expected for.

SAMARTH – NMDP (UKAID funded Program) project assistance in building the improved goat shed, has shown a ray of hope in the dark. In the beginning, he started to raise with four goats and the number increased to 11 so quickly. Acknowledging his efforts, he was also provided an improved female goat from DLSO in early January 2017. He was very excited and encouraged to earn Rs 32,000 out of selling 4 goats during last Dashain. He was more benefitted with the program extension. In coordination with local livestock service centre, the project helped him to enhance his skills through various training events including shed management; compost manure preparation and urine application and organic vegetable cultivation and kitchen gardening. Janachetana, a local NGO, provided him plastic green house similarly SAPPROS Nepal helped him in installing it. Additionally, the organization has supported the seed and required technical backup to produce high value crops. He is using the goat wastages as fertile manure that also improved the production. He has already accumulated more than Rs 50,000 from selling tomato and cabbage.

The goat shed support has become like a ‘seed support’ for his reliable income. Without any hesitation, he proudly speaks that he expects to earn about Rs 200,000 from the selling of vegetable under plastic tunnels. Seeing his hard days, once nobody wanted to provide him a loan in the village, but the days turned out now. He has his own savings in local cooperative. He says, “We are planning to expand plastic tunnels to produce more vegetables. We are very happy from the earnings which was never possible even from 8 years of hard work abroad.”

Recently, Kolki VDC council has nominated him as a model farmer in the community and allocated Rs. 25,000 to establish demo nursery plots at his farm plots. There was a time, nobody listens to or believe him doing such productive livelihood activities. His lost status was regained with his behaviour changes. Now, he is capable of managing household needs and buy education of the kids with his own income. Not only that, he is happy enough to improve nutrition intake and take care of the children closely. People started copying him. The case has been an illustrative example in the community who is roaming abroad for brighter future.

Surya Man Tamang, aged 54 is from Salme VDC-8 of Nuwakot District. His family is comprised of four members- his wife, two sons, and himself. Mr. Tamang met with an accident early in his childhood. Since then he suffers from a discrepancy in the lengths of his legs i.e one is shorter than another.

Salme, one of the remotest VDCs in the country, was amongst the most devastated areas after the earthquakes of 2015. All the houses in the VDC were completely destroyed.  Due to a lack of support, till date, most of the residents are compelled to spend their nights under the tin-huts.

In spite of being physically disabled, Mr. Tamang had the zeal to achieve something in his life. His self-confidence gives him the drive and keeps him busy all day in agricultural activities, where he works together with his wife.

In the year of the earthquakes, he was shifting from subsistence to commercial crop and chose to engage in cardamom farming. He was getting good yields and was satisfied with the results of his wife’s and his labors. However, due to considerable damage to the irrigation system he lost his cultivations and had bare minimum to survive. Amongst other emergent requirements, he needed technical, financial and logistical support to rejuvenate his farming practice. The support included pipes to rehabilitate the irrigating system.

SAPPROS-Nepal provided him with the assistance and he is now happily re-engaged in cardamom farming. He said- “I had almost lost all hope of a return to earning for my living. This project has rejuvenated me. Now, I feel, I can achieve my desires in life”. Currently, he is cultivating cardamom on 3-4 ropanis (0.12 hectare) of land. He added- “I am assured enough that I can earn sufficient income to make a living, which I can invest for the education of my children and upkeep of my family.

Chumchet VDC is located in Gorkha district in north-central Nepal, at an altitude of 2,400 meters. This VDC is surrounded by the Baudha Himal and HimalChuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the south, and Sringi Himal to the North. The village of Chumchet is situated in the Tsum Valley which is completely void of modern development activities. The inhabitants of the VDC have unique cultures, traditions and a dialect of their own. Their major festivals are Lhosar, Dhacyhang, SakaDawa, and Fan ing. Farming is the main occupation of the people, while tourism and collection of non timber products provides additional income.

This trail also provided access for tourists which provided additional source of income. On 13th September 2015, staff of SAPPROS-Nepal, with the support of WFP, reached the VDC to implement the project “Emergency operation: Early Recovery Project (EMOP III). The community were excited and pleased to know about the programme. Their positive response to the programme contributed tremendously to the successful implementation of programme. Discussions were held with the community to identify and prioritise various schemes to be supported by the project. Maintenance of a mule trail from the Sirdibas border, Chumling, to Chhaikampar was identified as the main priority.On 25th April 2015 and 12th May 2015, two devastating earthquakes struck the whole country destroying many lives and

properties. Gorkha was amongst the district most severely affected.  Almost every VDC in Gorkha district including Chumchet were flattened by the earthquake. Along with the massive destruction of human settlements various foot trails and roads were damaged. A landslide after the earthquake blocked the only foot trail connecting Chumchet to other parts of the district, including the district headquarters. This foot trail was the route used by the locals to access the market to buy essential goods like rice, flour, salt, cooking oil and clothes from two major market centers- Arkhet and Gorkha bazaar. The blockade of the foot trail meant there was acute shortage of essential commodities. Risk of starvation loomed large.

People of the whole VDC worked on this scheme with great enthusiasm and completed the assigned trail work and two wooden bridges over Budhigandaki River within the targeted time. After the completion of the project, positive changes took place in the community and livelihoods of the beneficiaries improved. Along with the reconstruction and maintenance of trails, food security status of the community also improved.

WFP’s food assistance helped them to secure food for 4 to 6 months, depending upon the size of the family. A total of 241 HHs participated in this project and 50% of the beneficiaries were female. 36.150 MT of rice and 6.507 MT of pulse totaling 42.657 MT were distributed in two installments. All the food were stored in the traditional containers, and there was a food shortage in this village.

Due to improved access to food supply livelihoods improved and tourism was revived due to improved trails. Lop Sang Lama, of Chumchet said “The Food for Work programme has been fruitful for us. The main way to the district headquarters and the China border has opened. Our children were at risk of malnutrition. But the problem is resolved now. Before constructing the trail, we used to hang on to a rope and cross the steep slow which was very risky but after the construction of entire trail the risk considerable decreased.” Pasang Lama, a local resident of ward no.1 said “I was unable to travel to the district headquarters to get my citizenship certificate but now I can go. So, I am very happy. Thanks to WFP and SAPPROS for launching such a useful program. We look forward to such programs in the future too.”

“The earthquake blocked the way to Sidhha Ganesh Secondary School. Many students studying in this school could not attend classes. But the problem is solved now and once again our children are able to go to the school. We are thankful to WFP for implementing this program which provided food security for us as well as helped in carrying other developmental activities” says Pasang Dolma of ward no.9, Chumchet.