Case Studies

Mrs Tikamaya Pandit, 41, represents a lower middle family in the community. She has a family of five, a husband and three kids. They live at Bagalephant, Purkot VDC-6, Tanahun district, located approximately 42 km North-East of Damauli, district headquarter and about 3 km from Baaisjangar, along the Dumre-Bensisahar Highway. Their survival was reliant mostly on daily labor and conventional farming. Living was indeed harsh to meet their basic needs including education of the kids. This was further aggravated by the devastating earthquake of April and May 2015. This has cost them house, ccattle shed damaged and killing one lactating buffalo. The life was never so terrible before.

With the intervention of UKAID funded SAMARTH-NMDP’s ‘Construction of Livestock Sheds for Earthquake Affected Households for their Early Livelihood Recovery Project, she’s carefully chosen one among the victim of earthquake for construction of an improved cow shed. This support has provided them a huge encouragement to buy two improved cows. Apparently, she sales milk out for a minimum of Rs 15,000 each month in the local market besides home consumption.

With the extension of Post implementation Technical Assistance (TA) Services program, she was actively involved in various training events conducted by SAPPROS viz: a) shed management, b) compost manure preparation and urine application and c) organic vegetable cultivation and kitchen gardening etc. These training have further helped to enhance her inherent capacity and wide opened the areas of income generating from fresh vegetable production by using animal wastes. Due to engagement in a registered Kalika Agriculture Self Help Group, she was also benefitted with a plastic greenhouse support provided by Agriculture Service Centre, Purkot. SAPPROS agriculture technicians together with field facilitators have facilitated to correctly install the system as well as appropriate techniques for producing fresh vegetable in an organic way. This has enabled her to earn more than Rs 15,000 through selling of tomato and cabbage in one season. Meantime, multi variety crops can be seen under her farm areas including cucumber, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, Juccini etc. Recently, they have added two more improved cows and expected to earn even more in the days to come. These days, she speaks more confidently and says, “With these earnings, I am now capable to pursue higher education to my kids, a son is studying Overseer level (Diploma in Civil Engineering) while a daughter will be studying in the college from this year on. In addition to this, I have also paid some loan that I have taken to initiate this entrepreneurship. I would like to thank the UKAID funded SAMARTH-NMDP for their unlatching funding support and SAPPROS Nepal for providing technical assistance support. Similarly, would like to thank District Livestock Office and District Agriculture Development Office for their opportunity to uplift the livelihood of poor and earthquake affected people like us. Life was never easier before”.

Aash Bahadur Gurung, 38, is an inhabitant of Simle, Kolki VDC 6, Lamjung district. In Nepali, the word ‘Aash’ means ‘Expectation’ in English. As name suggests, he was attracted with the growing trends of incoming remittance in the village henceforth left country in 2001 in a search for better income and prosperity. He spent almost 8 years out in Malaysia and Saudi Arab, yet he could never satisfy his basic needs despite surpassing a chunk of early active years abroad. He returned back to home country in 2014 and tried his earnings through daily labor, but failed to achieve a reliable income that he wanted for. This led him to frustration and become alcoholic most of the time for doing nothing. His situation worsened even badly when the April and May 2015 earthquake hit hard the area. Together with many others, his dwellings and cow shed were not the exceptions. He became one among the cruel victim of nature, he never expected for.

SAMARTH – NMDP (UKAID funded Program) project assistance in building the improved goat shed, has shown a ray of hope in the dark. In the beginning, he started to raise with four goats and the number increased to 11 so quickly. Acknowledging his efforts, he was also provided an improved female goat from DLSO in early January 2017. He was very excited and encouraged to earn Rs 32,000 out of selling 4 goats during last Dashain. He was more benefitted with the program extension. In coordination with local livestock service centre, the project helped him to enhance his skills through various training events including shed management; compost manure preparation and urine application and organic vegetable cultivation and kitchen gardening. Janachetana, a local NGO, provided him plastic green house similarly SAPPROS Nepal helped him in installing it. Additionally, the organization has supported the seed and required technical backup to produce high value crops. He is using the goat wastages as fertile manure that also improved the production. He has already accumulated more than Rs 50,000 from selling tomato and cabbage.

The goat shed support has become like a ‘seed support’ for his reliable income. Without any hesitation, he proudly speaks that he expects to earn about Rs 200,000 from the selling of vegetable under plastic tunnels. Seeing his hard days, once nobody wanted to provide him a loan in the village, but the days turned out now. He has his own savings in local cooperative. He says, “We are planning to expand plastic tunnels to produce more vegetables. We are very happy from the earnings which was never possible even from 8 years of hard work abroad.”

Recently, Kolki VDC council has nominated him as a model farmer in the community and allocated Rs. 25,000 to establish demo nursery plots at his farm plots. There was a time, nobody listens to or believe him doing such productive livelihood activities. His lost status was regained with his behaviour changes. Now, he is capable of managing household needs and buy education of the kids with his own income. Not only that, he is happy enough to improve nutrition intake and take care of the children closely. People started copying him. The case has been an illustrative example in the community who is roaming abroad for brighter future.

Surya Man Tamang, aged 54 is from Salme VDC-8 of Nuwakot District. His family is comprised of four members- his wife, two sons, and himself. Mr. Tamang met with an accident early in his childhood. Since then he suffers from a discrepancy in the lengths of his legs i.e one is shorter than another.

Salme, one of the remotest VDCs in the country, was amongst the most devastated areas after the earthquakes of 2015. All the houses in the VDC were completely destroyed.  Due to a lack of support, till date, most of the residents are compelled to spend their nights under the tin-huts.

In spite of being physically disabled, Mr. Tamang had the zeal to achieve something in his life. His self-confidence gives him the drive and keeps him busy all day in agricultural activities, where he works together with his wife.

In the year of the earthquakes, he was shifting from subsistence to commercial crop and chose to engage in cardamom farming. He was getting good yields and was satisfied with the results of his wife’s and his labors. However, due to considerable damage to the irrigation system he lost his cultivations and had bare minimum to survive. Amongst other emergent requirements, he needed technical, financial and logistical support to rejuvenate his farming practice. The support included pipes to rehabilitate the irrigating system.

SAPPROS-Nepal provided him with the assistance and he is now happily re-engaged in cardamom farming. He said- “I had almost lost all hope of a return to earning for my living. This project has rejuvenated me. Now, I feel, I can achieve my desires in life”. Currently, he is cultivating cardamom on 3-4 ropanis (0.12 hectare) of land. He added- “I am assured enough that I can earn sufficient income to make a living, which I can invest for the education of my children and upkeep of my family.

Chumchet VDC is located in Gorkha district in north-central Nepal, at an altitude of 2,400 meters. This VDC is surrounded by the Baudha Himal and HimalChuli to the west, Ganesh Himal to the south, and Sringi Himal to the North. The village of Chumchet is situated in the Tsum Valley which is completely void of modern development activities. The inhabitants of the VDC have unique cultures, traditions and a dialect of their own. Their major festivals are Lhosar, Dhacyhang, SakaDawa, and Fan ing. Farming is the main occupation of the people, while tourism and collection of non timber products provides additional income.

This trail also provided access for tourists which provided additional source of income. On 13th September 2015, staff of SAPPROS-Nepal, with the support of WFP, reached the VDC to implement the project “Emergency operation: Early Recovery Project (EMOP III). The community were excited and pleased to know about the programme. Their positive response to the programme contributed tremendously to the successful implementation of programme. Discussions were held with the community to identify and prioritise various schemes to be supported by the project. Maintenance of a mule trail from the Sirdibas border, Chumling, to Chhaikampar was identified as the main priority.On 25th April 2015 and 12th May 2015, two devastating earthquakes struck the whole country destroying many lives and

properties. Gorkha was amongst the district most severely affected.  Almost every VDC in Gorkha district including Chumchet were flattened by the earthquake. Along with the massive destruction of human settlements various foot trails and roads were damaged. A landslide after the earthquake blocked the only foot trail connecting Chumchet to other parts of the district, including the district headquarters. This foot trail was the route used by the locals to access the market to buy essential goods like rice, flour, salt, cooking oil and clothes from two major market centers- Arkhet and Gorkha bazaar. The blockade of the foot trail meant there was acute shortage of essential commodities. Risk of starvation loomed large.

People of the whole VDC worked on this scheme with great enthusiasm and completed the assigned trail work and two wooden bridges over Budhigandaki River within the targeted time. After the completion of the project, positive changes took place in the community and livelihoods of the beneficiaries improved. Along with the reconstruction and maintenance of trails, food security status of the community also improved.

WFP’s food assistance helped them to secure food for 4 to 6 months, depending upon the size of the family. A total of 241 HHs participated in this project and 50% of the beneficiaries were female. 36.150 MT of rice and 6.507 MT of pulse totaling 42.657 MT were distributed in two installments. All the food were stored in the traditional containers, and there was a food shortage in this village.

Due to improved access to food supply livelihoods improved and tourism was revived due to improved trails. Lop Sang Lama, of Chumchet said “The Food for Work programme has been fruitful for us. The main way to the district headquarters and the China border has opened. Our children were at risk of malnutrition. But the problem is resolved now. Before constructing the trail, we used to hang on to a rope and cross the steep slow which was very risky but after the construction of entire trail the risk considerable decreased.” Pasang Lama, a local resident of ward no.1 said “I was unable to travel to the district headquarters to get my citizenship certificate but now I can go. So, I am very happy. Thanks to WFP and SAPPROS for launching such a useful program. We look forward to such programs in the future too.”

“The earthquake blocked the way to Sidhha Ganesh Secondary School. Many students studying in this school could not attend classes. But the problem is solved now and once again our children are able to go to the school. We are thankful to WFP for implementing this program which provided food security for us as well as helped in carrying other developmental activities” says Pasang Dolma of ward no.9, Chumchet.

Sirdibas VDC is located in the northern part of Gorkha district. The VDC is almost completely surrounded by high mountains and Himalayas. Its geographical landscapes and natural beauty are capable of mesmerizing anyone. The majority of people living here identify themselves as being from the Gurung community. The majority of the villagers are farmers, while some work as daily wage laborers and porters.
After the destructive earthquakes of 25th April and 12 May 2015, WFP launched Emergency Operation: Early Recovery Project (Phase III) in 20 of the most vulnerable and food deficit VDCs of Gorkha district. Sirdibas was amongst one of the most affected and chosen VDCs. Community infrastructures, and various foot and mule trails were damaged. The trail from Jagat to the Chumchet border, which passes through Sirdibas, was the major route for the locals to procure essential goods. The trail was also tourists’ route to different parts of Gorkha. The blockade of the trail was therefore a threat to lives and livelihoods of local people.
On 15th September 2015 SAPPROS’ team conducted VDC level inception meeting and informed the community about the program. Various feasible project schemes were discussed and selected for implementation. Among the schemes, the Jagat-Chumchet border Mule Trail was given first priority, in accordance with the preference of the community. A total of 633 beneficiaries participated in this scheme. For forty days’ work, a total of 112.041 MTs of food (94.950 MT rice and 17.091 pulse) was distributed to the people. At the same time, tourists donated 21 thousand rupees for tea snacks to encourage the community.
The beneficiaries reconstructed and removed the blockages on the trail with sin the targeted time. After the completion of the project, the inhabitants of Sirdibas were pleased and satisfied. They looked forward to better days ahead. After the trail from Jagat to the Chumchet border was opened, it ensured easy access to procure and transport necessary commodities, using mules to connect to the market. The number of visiting tourists also increased.
“Food for Work program by SAPPROS Nepal and WFP helped us to secure food for around four months during a crisis. After the earthquake, the trail was completely blocked, and we were unable to buy and transport necessary goods for daily consumption” says Sirmaya Ghale, a local of Sirdibas VDC. She further added, “We admire WFP and SAPPROS for assisting us, through the program, in alleviating our predicament.”
“This program is very helpful in promoting developmental activities and is also supportive to enhance livelihoods. We are happy that WFP chose our VDC to implement the program. In my opinion the program would be even more fruitful if it was launched for a longer period of time. We hope other similar programs will be launched soon by WFP” opined Aas Bahadur Gurung.

Sanokanchi Tamang- 46- is a woman with a physical disability. She resides in Dupcheswar Rural Municipality -2, Gaunkharka VDC of Nuwakot district. The earthquakes of 2015 changed her life completely. Her entire body, was hurt, and while a lot of the physical wounds healed, she was still left with enough damage to have to live the rest of her life with physical disabilities. She received major injuries on her feet and backbone. Before the earthquakes she used to work on her small land but production from it was not adequate to fill the appetites of her family comprising of seven members. Prior to the earthquakes she supplemented her family’s and her livelihood through engagements in seasonal labor but after earthquake she was not able to.

Her disabilities left her distraught and disturbed. The community of Gaunkharka, Ms. Tamang’s village were not aware of the difficulties of a disabled person, especially one who is newly disabled after having lived the majority of her life in a fit and fine condition. Tamang felt neglected by the community and even by her family members. Remembering those days Sanokanchhi said “since I am a person with disability, people used to hesitate to speak with me. I felt hurt by the behavior of the people.” She says that when SAPPROS-Nepal reached her small hut, her life took a turn for the good. She was incorporated in to the Self Help Group of the livelihood support program, which was financially supported by CBM.

Livelihood project as a boon:

Sanokanchhi was supported to initiate and establish poultry farming. She was provided with 200 chicks and a deep liter system poultry shed. The total cost incurred to support her was NPR 55,950 in seed money, to purchase chicks, materials, medicine and other essentials related to caretaking of the chicks. SAPPROS provided saving and credit training and orientation on livelihood activities which can be implemented by people with disabilities.

At first it was difficult to enlist her into the self-help group and convince her for about the livelihood activities. But after frequent meetings with SHGs and the group members, she herself showed interest in poultry farming to sustain and uplift her livelihood.

Current Status:

Sanokanchi operates her poultry farm, with the help of her younger son, and till date has earned NPR 45,000. This is a remarkable achievement because it has been accomplished within a period of 2 months period. This achievement was extrapolated through a business plan and the results are as robust she will earn net NPR 180,000 per year.

There are not other people with disabilities in her settlement who are engaged in on farm activity such as poultry farming. With this, she has been able to create her own identity as a leading farmer and a source of inspiration to others, living in and around her locality, with disabilities.

An important achievement of the project has been that it brought the community members together to create self-help groups, where people with and without disabilities conferred equal respect to each other, and this has led to a receptive environment for all to learn and implement developmental activities.

Further planning:

Sanokanchi plans to continue operating her business. She has started to generate fine earnings. She is using the income for her children’s education and household expenses. She plans to save some money for her old age too. She says, my children are supporting me to run my business and now I have full hope that I can survive easily in the days to come.

Bishnu BK aged 54 is a resident of Kispang Municipality -1 Bhalche. Though he is an old man, his high energy levels soon dispel any impression of old-age, as he labors on with a knife and a block of wood, chopping meat since dawn to dusk. He is one of the leading beneficiaries of the CBM funded livelihood project in Nuwakot district. Bishnu has eight members in his family and he is the bread-winner for them all. His father is physically disabled. BIshnu’s father lost a leg in an accident. He has a daughter who has been diagnosed with a psychosocial disability. Agriculture used to be the only source of income, and his family has struggled for long with poverty and both brothers work as daily wage workers. The family has a small piece of land, but it lost productivity a long time ago and could not to provide them with food security or income. Bishnu also went to gulf countries to uplift the living standard of his family, but he returned home empty-handed as he was not able to earn there too since he did not get work which was advertised to him by the agents. To make matters worse Bishnu got ill as well.

A Landmark

Bishnu belongs to a group of so called Dalit minorities who are considered untouchables in rural Nepal. Hence, the heights of his success are that much more astounding and his work is inspiring. His community people do not have any issue consuming meat chopped by him. But I never get bitter, and keep my spirits high,” says Bishnu, while talking about his life and often breaks into a smile with the evening sun illuminating his face.

Today, he is in a celebratory mood and there are many reasons for this.The livelihood project implemented by SAPPROS Nepal provided him with financial support to construct a hut, to establish a meat shop, and arrange for necessary tools and materials. The total cost incurred to support him was NPR 64000. Of the NPR 64000, NPR 24,864 was seed money and the remaining 40,000 was provided as a grant, similar to other beneficiaries who were supported to construct sheds.

SAPPROS provided business planning, saving and credit training and orientation on livelihood activities which can be carried out by people with disabilities. The entirety of the support enabled Bishnu to become capable of operating his meat shop efficiently and smoothly.

On an average Bishnu earns NPR 24,000 per month from the meat shop. His average daily sales are 20 kgs of meat @ 350/- and earning him a net profit of NPR 800. This support helped a lot in the survival of his family.

The sensitivity of the community members has increased after the project. The success of people such as Bishnu has made the rest of the community members aware of the capabilities of disadvantaged and disabled people, and this has led to increase in respect for such people.

Bishnu said; “I had already lost hope for the survival of my family, with two members who are disabled. But SAPPROS and CBM rebuilt my hopes by providing this support for me. Now my family can survive and I can afford the expenses for the education of my children and other necessary expenses of households”.

ManKaji Tamang aged 39 is a resident of Dadagaun -6, Nawalpur VDC of Sindhupalchowk district. There are a total of 7 members in his family. He has 5 children (2 sons and 3 daughters). His son is physically disabled. To compound this hindrance to a normal family life, the earthquake of April, 2015 injured and made his mother physically disabled, while simultaneously flattening his house. Mr. Tamang also lost his wife and father to the earthquake. His mother and him were buried inside the collapsed house and were rescued. At the same time, he also lost his livestock and shed. Currently, he is living, in squalid conditions, in a small temporary house made up of tin.

Chatur Singh Tamang, 13, is the elder son of Man Kaji. Chaturhas been living with his physical disability since childhood. At first, a lump was seen in the back part of his body.  Then after, he was taken to Teaching hospital, Kathmandu for treatment and surgery was done in order to remove that lump. During surgery, unfortunately a nerve was also affected at the back bone which resulted into legs impairment. ManKaji says, “Since then he (Chatur) has not been able to walk. But I tried hard to cure him. The despair added when I lost my wife and father and found my mother physically impaired.”

Helpful hands

ManKaji was supported by OXFAM with NRs. 10,000 to purchase 2 goats. He used to have 14 goats but they were killed in the destruction of the livestock shed, by the earthquakes. Tamang says, “I was not able to construct livestock shed due to lack of money.” His main source of income generation was animal husbandry. “I want to focus more on goat farming,” He adds. So, there is need of improved goat shed for him to provide suitable shelter for livestock.

Realizing his needs, he was supported with combined shed of goat and poultry through “Livelihood Support for earthquake Affected Population” project which was funded by CBM through SAPPROS Nepal. He was also supported with seed money of NRs 8000 to purchase 30 local chicks (Giriraj) and other necessary feed and equipment for poultry rearing. Seeds of seasonal vegetables were also provided for vegetable production. He also participated in 3 days “Commercial Poultry Farming” training organized by SAPPROS Nepal and CBM.

Today, Tamang is busy in rearing goats, chicken and in vegetable production. He says, “I have earned NRs. 12,000 from poultry from first lot, NRs.15,500 from selling goats and NRs. 1,22,500 from vegetable production.” He adds, “I don’t need to go to the market to sell chickens because traders come to my house. I also have no problems selling vegetables, as Nawalpur Bazaar is near my home.”  He has kept 30 Giriraj chicks in the second lot from the seed money and he is expecting to earn NRs. 60,000. He has his saving account in Naulimahadev Saving and Credit Cooperatives. Since the inception of his livelihood activities, post-earthquake, he has saved NRs. 10,000. He also has some savings, which is deposited on monthly basis meeting, in self-help groups.

Tamang is using his earnings for the education of his children and household expenses. He is also planning to expand his business with the goal of improving the economic status of his family. ManKaji says, “I am very thankful to SAPPROS Nepal for believing in me and providing me with a greater opportunity to improve the economic status of my family and I will continue to expand my business further.”

This is the story of Karna Bahadur Danuwar – 51- who resides in Indrawati Rural Municipality-12, Bhimtar. Karna and his son are disabled, yet have not received an officially recognizing disability card. They are not associated with any DPOs or similar organizations and they have not received any support from any agencies to address the difficulties because of their respective disabilities.

Karna was living happily with his wife, three daughters and one son. He owns three ropanis of land,on which he cultivates rice, potato, blackgram, mustard and maize. Before the earthquake, he was engaged in subsistence agriculture and also livestock rearing (a cow and a buffalo).

But, the devastating earthquakes of 2015 left him empty handed with no shelter and cultivations. His livestocks were killed by the earthquake and his house was flattened. His grief were to be added to soon. He met with a bus accident in Sanga Chowk, Chautara in which he was severely wounded in the legs and spine. He had to have steel rods installed into his right leg. He was nicknamed ‘Kholte’ by his community, because of the trait of his walk using crutches. His only son also got injured in the spine- in the same accident. The boy can’t sit or stand for a long period of time and be engaged in hard/heavy works. Both were immediately taken to Dhulikhel hospital and treatment is still ongoing.

Project Support

Karna was supported, by SAPPROS-N

epal and CBM, through provision of one poly house and seeds for open field. He cultivated tomato, cucurbits like cucumber, sponge gourd, bitter gourd, Okra, chilly etc). His son and daughter have participated in various trainings like saving and credit, vegetable cultivation, farm-yard manure, post-harvest technology, poly house etc. Though he showed interest in vegetable farming, there was no sufficient water for irrigation purpose within his area. For this, the project constructed water harvesting tank in the nearby field (Battar, Bhimtar) that covers 20 ropanis of nearby agricultural land. In addition to Karna, the irrigation system directly benefits 30 households.

With the irrigation system in place, Karna has harvested approximately 1700 kgs of vegetables within two consecutive seasons. Of his harvests, Karna sold 1600 kgs of vegetables and earned NRs. 78,500. He sold vegetables in Sipaghat local market, shops in Bhimtar, in the community and Shree Bhimeswori School, Bhimtar too. He used the earnings for the treatment of his legs, educational and other household expenses. He has also extended his polyhouse. He says, “I extended 1 poly house and now I am growing tomatoes in that polyhouse. He adds, “I have also saved monies in the nearby Indrawati saving and credit cooperative. I am very pleased with this support.”

Within a span of 8 months, Karna has brought about rapid transformation in his livelihood through farming. He has converted into a leading commercial farmer from subsistence agriculture. His livelihood status has visibly improved. He has been a source of motivation to the earthquake affected persons and other people with disabilities.